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当前智能手机同质化严重 硬件创新进入了死胡同

2019-10-22 09:39 来源:江苏快讯

  当前智能手机同质化严重 硬件创新进入了死胡同

  PengChao,adisabledstudentfromSichuanprovince,/ForChinaDailyThisweek,millionsofhopefulswilltakethegruelingcollegeentryexam,butforonegroup,itpresentsanevengreaterchallenge,,Chinasnationalcollegeentranceexam,,whoundertakeasmanyasthreedaysofintensiveteststhat,inmanycases,,itisoftsity;onetrackisstandard,reamestablishmentsaslongasthey"areabletoadapt",,inrecentyearsthecountryhasbeenprovidinggreaterassistanceforstudentswithdisabilities,especial,theMinistryofEducationpublishedanoticestipulatingthatexaminingbodiesshouldprovidethenecessaryassistancean,theministryandtheChinaDisabledPersonsFederationissuedaguidelinethatrequiredexaminingbodiesnationwidetooffer"reasonable"assistancetostudentswithdisabilitiestakingthetest,,blindandvisuallyimpairedstudentsshouldbeprovidedwithexampapersinBrailleorbearinglarge-printcharacters,whilethosewithhearingdisabilitiesareallowedtousehearingaidsandcanbeexempte,andthedurationofthetests,whichusuallylasttwoortwoandahalfhours,,5,626studentsappliedforassistanceofsomesortduringlastyear,sayingtheywillbetterservetheneedsofstudentswithdisabilities,buttheyalsocalledformoreassistancetailoredtomeetstudents,a23-year-oldfromGuangzhou,Guangdongprovince,,shespentthenightbeforethegaokaopracticingfillinginthesmallboxesonmultiplechoicepapers."Thetinyboxesontheanswersheetlookedlikeantstome,soinadditiontomakingsureIlearnedalltheacademicpoints,theotherthingIdidfrequentlywastofillinasmanyanswersheetsaspossible,soIwouldhaveenoughtimeduringtheexam,"shesaid.ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

PresidentXiJinping,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,talkswithacademicianofChineseAcademyofEngineeringGuanHuashiatPilotNationalLaboratoryforMarineScienceandTechnologyduringaninspectiontourinQingdao,EastChinasShandongprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]PresidentXiJinpingconductedaninspectiontourinthecitiesofQingdaoandWeihaiofShandongology(Qingdao),toknowmoreaboutmajorfrontiersciences,theindependentresearchanddevelopmentofmarinehigh-endequipment,,GuanHuashi,anacademicianfromChineseAcademyofEngineering,s"bluedrugstore".AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."

  AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]Themorningafter,,2018historicsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKChairmanKimJong-un,,theDPRKonceapariahhermitstateiscomingoutstoliftthesanctionsMoreover,atwhatprice,andhowmuchaidwillAmericaneedtoprovidetheDPRKforthisimpoverishednationtoge‘nothing,’inglaborcostsofChina’,,RudiSirrbelievesthatthechallengewillnotbeinluringforeigninvestment.“ndustriesthatneedtogrowwithoutcreatingeitherunnecessarydebtorinflation,”tment,butconcernedthattheinvestmentswillcomeininanirrational’sintentionistocreateasystematicandcontrolledmeansofopeningtheeconomygradually,,“NorthKoreahaslearnedtolive,itmayactuallyproveabenefitastheysequencetheopeningon,unnecessarilyredundantinvestmentsandexternaldebtallofwhichcanbedestabilizingforthecountrysociallyeconomicallyandpolitically.”China’sBeltandRoadInitiativecanofferpracticalsolutionsfortheDPRK’“Chinasolution,”thefirstpriorityfortheDPRKshouldbetogettheinfrastructureinplaceforrai,transshipmentofRussiancoalfromSiberatoPuson’,,theDPRKhasamoreambitiousvisiontoextendthisraillinkallthewaytoSouthKoreathereby,theDPRKenvisionsthatthroughRajin,andtheoverlandrailnetworkextendingacrossSiberia,withaBRIupgrade,,,inancienttimes,’,everyoneinEastAsiahasaneconomicinterestinseeingsanctionsliftedagainsttheDPRKsotheycangetonanddobusiness.“Collectivelythisaffects600millionpeo,ifmanagedproperly,willsolvealotoftheDPRK’sproblems,”,therealquestioniswillWashingtonofferaclearandreasonableblueprinttoliftsanctionsThisiswhattheinvestmentbankersarewaitingfor,ternationalFellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."

JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  TechniciansinspectgasfacilitiesinHorgos,NorthwestChinasXinjiangUygurautonomousregion.[Photo/Xinhua]GreaterscopeforcooperationwithmemberstatesofSCOChinasrisingdemandfornon-pollutingnaturalgasisexpectedtospurtradetieswiththememberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,analystssaid."Gas-richcountriesincludingRussiaandCentralAsiannationswillplayasignificantroleinthenaturalgastradecooperationwithChina,withpipelinegasimportsfromCentralAsiaandRussiaexpectedtototal85billioncubicmetersby2020,"saidWangLu,anAsia-PacificoilandgasanalystatBloombergIntelligence."Weestimateimports,ledbyState-ownedoilmajorssuchasChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporationandprivatecompaniessuchasGuanghuiEnergy,maygrowata17percentaverageannualratebetween2017and2020,"shesaid."ConsideringChinasdependenceonimportstosatisfygasdemandwillriseto75percentin2020from57percentin2017,Chinashighergas-consumptiongoalswillbefulfilledbyhigherimports."DespitethefactthatgasproductiongrowthatChinaNationalPetroleumCorpandChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorpissettosurpassthatofoilbetween2018to2020thankstothedevelopmentofshalegas,domesticproductionandpipelineimportswontbeenoughtosatisfyChinasgrowinggasappetite,resultingincontinuousgrowthinnaturalgasimports,investmentsinrecentyearswiththeSCOmembers,includingtheYamalliquifiednaturalgasprojectintheArcticregionofRussiabetweenCNPC,thecountryslargestoilandgasproducerbyannualoutput,andNovatek,Russiasfirstintegratedprojectforpolarnaturalgasexploration,development,liquefactionandtransportation,YearthroughitsChina-RussiaEast-RouteNaturalGasPipelinebytheendof2020,whenthepipelineiscompletedIthasalsosteppe,whichrunsthroughChina,Turkmenistan,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,ein2017,,especiallyRussia,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,playcomplementaryrolesasimporterandproducersofnaturalgas,withChinaseeingsurgingdemandinthedomesticmarket,saidLiLi,energyresearchdirectoratICISChina,aconsultingcompanythatprovidesanalysisofChinabridgethedemand-supplygapamongSCOmembersandhelpmakeSCOmembersstronger,,ChinahasalwaysregardedthememberstatesofSCOasaprioritypartnerforenergycooperation,asChinahasbeenatopbuyerandstrategicpartneroftheabundantoilandgasresourcesfromRussiaandCentralAsia,whileChinasfinancialsupportfrominstitutionsinclusnecessarytoupgradethecountryspipelines,storagefacilitiesandtransportationnetworkstoensuregassupply,shesaid.

  Followingitssuccessfulhostingofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitovertheweekend,Qingdao,Shandongprovince,islookingformoretradeopportunitieswithSCOcountries,especiallybyleveragingits"inlandports".TheinlandportsareareasalongtheSilkRoadEconomicBeltthatwouldimproveefficiencyandhelpclientsreducecosts."Itslikemovingtheportrighttothedoorsofcompaniesininlandareasandhelpingthemfindthemostconvenientestuary,"saidJiaoGuangjun,,theporthasestablished10inlandportsinZhengzhou,Henanprovince;Xian,Shaanxiprovince;anbedirectlytra,theportofQingdaoisbetterconnectedwithCentralAsia:CargounloadedattheportcanbetransportedtotheChinarailwaycontainertransportcenterinnorthernQingdaowheredailycross-borderfreighttrainsheadtoCentralAsiaandtoseveralEuropeanandSoutheastAsiancountries."ThefreighttraincanreachanydestinationinthefivecountriesofCentralAsiawithin14days,"saidWeiXuelun,deputygeneralmanagerofthecenterinQingdao."Theentirerailwaylinestretches4,500kilometers,,",pital,,Uzbekistan,Russia,Germany,Spain,"WebelievetheSCOQingdaoSummitwillfurtherfacilitateeconomicandtradelinksbetweenChinaandtherelatedcountries,"saidYuChentao,deputydirectorofthebusinessandinformationdepartmentofQingdaoPortGroup."QingdaowillembracemoreopportunitiesintheBeltandRoadInitiative,"Yusaid."ThePortofQingdaoislikelytobecomeagateconnectingCentralAsiatotherestoftheworld.",aftertheUSimposedtariffsonEUsteelandaluminumproducts.[Photo/IC]OTTAWA-TherecentUSdecisiontoimposeimportsteelandaluminumtariffsonCanada,MexicoandtheEuropeanUnion,andothers,isexpectedtobea"frontandcenter"issueattheGroupofSeven(G7)summitthatwillbeginonFridayinQuebec,aformerCanadianprimeministersaidonThursday."YouregoingtohavethemajorityoftheG7countrieswantingtodealwiththis,aswasthecasewiththefinanceministerswhentheymetinWhistler(aresortmunicipalityintheCanadianprovinceofBritishColumbia),"saidPaulMartin,whoisalsoaformerCanadianfinanceminister,rneyandInternationalMonetaryFundManagingDirectorChristineLagardeduringthemeetingofG7financeministersandcentralbankgovernorslastweek,whichwaschairedbyCanadianFinanceMinisterBillMorneau."MinistersandGovernorshadafrankexchangeonthebenefitsofanopenrules-basedtradingsystemandmanyhighlightedthenegativeimpactofunilateraltradeactionsbytheUnitedStates,"saidastatementissuedaftertheG7financeministersmeeting."MinistersandGovernorsagreedthatthisdiscussionshouldcontinueattheLeadersSummitinCharlevoix,(Quebec),free,fair,predictableandmutuallybeneficialtrade,",whoparticipatedinbothG7financeministersmeetingsandleaderssummitsasprimeministerwhentheforumwasconfiguredastheG8toincludeRussia,toldXinhuathatCanadasharshresponsetotheUStariffswas"warranted"andnotedthat"neverinmytimehaveIseenanissuewhichhassogalvanizedpeople"atthosegatherings."ThepurposeoftheGs-whethertheG7ortheG20-istoessentiallygivethepertinentministersandtheleaderstheopportunitytodealwithissuesofthiskindandhopefullypreventissuesofthiskind,"explainedMartin,whoservedasCanadasprimeministerfrom2003to2006,andasthecountrynministerChrystiaFreeland,did"exactlywhattheyshouldhavedone"inrespondingtoUSPresidentDonaldTrump$,aluminumandotherproducts-rangingfromcoffeeandcandytotoiletpaperandtablecloths-totakeeffectonJuly1,unlesstheTrumpadministrationwithdrewits25-percenttariffonCanasretaliatoryreplyis"thestrongesttradeactionCanadahastakensincetheSecondWorldWar,",,andhoped"thatatsomepoint...commonsensewillprevail,"hetoldreportersataMay31,suchasclimatechange,genderequality,andtheCompactforAfricainitiatedbyGermanylastyearwhenithostedtheG20financeministersandcentralbankgovernorsmeetingtopromoteprivateinvestmentinAfrica,includingininfrastructure."WearenttalkingenoughaboutAfrica,"saidMartin,whoasCanadianfinanceministerproposedtheideaofaG20in1999withthesupportofthenUSTreasurySecretaryLarrySummers."Africaisgoingtohavethelargestpopulationbaseofanycontinentin25years,andIreallydobelievethathelpingAfricathroughwhatisaverydifficultperiodnowwillbenefittheworldenormouslyandthisisarolethattheG7andG20mustplay."

  Kulangsu,asmallislandofftheshoreofXiameninFujianprovince,andHohXil,anaturereserveinQinghaiprovince,wereaddedtothkow,,calledKulangsuinthelocaldialectandknownforitswell-preservedhistoricalbuildings,andHolXil,aplateaufamousforitsnaturalbeautyandbiodiversity,Chinanowhas52sitesinscribedontheUNESCOWorldHeritagelist,whichwasestablishedtosafegsrecaponthe52heritagesitesinChina,whichmaygiveyousomecluesonyournexttravelplan.

  TheFreedomPartyofDutchanti-IslampoliticianGeertWilderswillholdacompetitionofcartoonsdepictingtheProphetMohammad,inDutc,Islamistgunmenkilled12peopleattheParisofficesoftheFrenchsecularistsatiricalnewspaperCharlieHebdo,,thepublicationinaDanishnewspaperofadozencart,,especiallyforIslamcritics,,winnerofasimilarcontestinGarland,Texas,inMay2015,hasbeenaskedtojudgetheDutchcontest,whichwillbeheldlaterthisyear.TheproblematicplantoadaptthefamousnovelBumiManusia(EarthofMankind)intoafilmand,buttheabilitytodigestthewriters/indeedthetragiclovestorybetweenthemaincharacters,,:thatAnneliesseparationfromMinkedepictsthepowerlessnessofthecolonizedpeopleastheoppressedinthefaceofthelaw,imposedonthembytheoppressor;thatMinkesshiftfromaspoiledwriterwhoinitiallyonlywantedhiswritingtobeappreciatedbytheupper-classoppressors,toanationalistwriterwhowantedhisworkstoinspirehisfellowbrothersandsistersisacallfornationalismandsocialmovement;howNyaiOntosorohsout-of-her-time,courageousindependencefromherrottenhusbandisacallforfreedom,,themoreonereadsthebookhopefullyfollowedbyothersinthetrilogythemoreonewillfindideastodiscuss,,BumiManusiaisareputableliterarywork,notonlynationallybutglobally,l,especi,,,asIwillnotj,IdefinitelyexpectthatHanunghasafullgr,NoviaRianiPutridismissedpeonalmaterialnortheauthor,andsaidBumiManusiacouldbepopularamo,shesaidnobodywouldactuallybothertoreadaclassicandthicknovelofothercountrieswithold-languagestyleaseventhenativespeakers[ofthoseworks]mostlyreadthemaspartofahighschooltask,,AhmadToharisRonggengDukuhParuk(DancerofParukVillage)wouldonlymeanastoryofaneroticdancer,UmarKayamsParaPriyayi(TheNobility)wouldbenothingmorethanafamilydramaandAchdiatKartaMihardjasAtheiswouldbemerelyanothertragiclovestory.(mut)***ThewriterisanIndonesianlectureratGuangdongUniversityofForeignStudies,Guangzhou,ent,TeachersCollege,ColumbiaUniversity,NewYork,theUnitedStates.

  JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  AnemployeecarriesarearwindshieldattheFuyaoGlassAmericaproductionfacilityinMoraine,Ohio,US.[Photo/Agencies]TheroadforChinesecompaniestoinvestintheUnitedStatescouldstillbebumpythisyeareventhoughthetwocountriessoughttoeasetheireconomicdisputesandagreednottoengageinatradewar,ohavetheirmergerandacquisitiondealsreviewedandapprovedbytheUSgovernmentandtheincreasinguncertaintycouldpromptthemtolookawayfromtheUSasaninvestmentdestinationintheshortterm,accordingtolawyerswhoofferlegaladviceandservicestoChinesecompanies."TheresbeengreatconcernexpressedbyChinesecompaniesaboutwhetherornotitsworththeeffort(investingintheUS)…Ifitsnotgoingtobeseenfavorablyfromthebeginningthentheylllookelsewheretofigureoutanotherplacetoinvest,"saidWendyWysong,apartnerofLondon-basedlawfirmCliffordChance,,uncertaintiesinChina-UStradediscussionsandthecontroversyinvolvingChinesetelecommunicationequipmentmaker,thevalueofoutbounddealsreachedbyChinesecompaniescontractedby15percentyear-on-yearto$94billion,ssinvestmentintheUS,astheUSgovernmentistighteningitsgriponmergersandacquisitionsbyChinesecompanies,especiallyinthetechnologysector,saidAlanWang,corporatepartnerinFreshfields,chiefrepresentativeoflawfirmBakerMcKenziesBeijingoffice,saidthatMAsandcorporateactivitybyChinesecompaniesingeneralwilllikelyremainatawait-and-seestagegiventheuncertaintiesintheChina-UStradediscussionsandanymaterialimpactitcouldhaveonChineseinvestmentintheUS."Ifweseebroadeningandretaliatorymeasuresspreading,thatwouldnodoubtadduncertaintytotheoutlookintheshortterm,andbusinessesdonotlikeuncertainty,"Jiasaid."Therefore,politicalriskassessmentandregulatoryplanningareincreasinglybecominganimportantpartofanoveralldealstrategy."$29billionworthofinvestmentsintheUSlastyear,down35percentfromtherecord$46billioncompletedin2016,accordingtoajoinasonbehindthedecline,short-termunfavorableconditioleconcernsbytheCommitteeonForeignInvestmentintheUnitedStatesincludedAntFinancialsacquisitionofMoneygram,ZhongwangstakeoverofaluminiumproducerAlerisandCanyonBridgeCapitalPartners"PuttingasidetheZTEcase,IthinkthatanycompanythatisdependentonUSorigingoodsneedstoconsidertheimplicationsoftheUSexportcontrollawsandUSeconomicsanctions,andtheenforcementtoolsthattheUnitedStateswillbringtobeariftheybecomeconcernedaboutaparticularcompanysconduct,"Wysongsaid."Th,withtherecentwithdrawalfromtheJCPOA(JointComprehensivePlanofAction),therearegoingtobesecondarysanctionsonparticularindustrysectorsinIranandnon-UScompaniesneedtobeawareofthose,",apartnerinFreshfeildsglobaltransactionsgroup,saidthatCFIUS,theUSinter-agencypanelthatreviewsforeignacquisitions,hasenteredamoreaggressiveeraofenforcement."Oneproofist,lessthan30percentoftheoverseasinvestmentintotheUSwillgothrougha40-dayinvestigation,uptofivemonths,",thelong-termoutlookofChineseoutboundinvestmentremainsoptimisticasitwillbedrivenbyfactorssuchastheBeltandRoadInitiativeandtheglobaleconomyneedsChinesecapitaltobedeployed,accordingtolawfirmBakerMcKenzie."WebelieveoutboundMAwillrestartitsgrowthtrendin2018withamodestincreasecomparedto2017,"saidJiaatBakerMcKenzie."C,pharmaceuticalsandconsumer-relatedindustrieswillbecomeincreasinglyimportantMAsectors,"hesaid.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.LeadersofSCOmemberstatessigndocumentsonSunday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Summitboostsglobalgrowth,unityamidrisingprotectionism,expertssayTheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,whichconcludedwith"themostfruitfuloutcomes"inthehistoryoftheorganization,willbea"newlandmark"intheorganization’sdevelopment,rationdocumentscoveringpolitics,security,economicsandculture,the"ShanghaiSpirit",whichtranscendsoutdatedconceptssuchastheclashofcivilizations,unityofasharedfutureformankind,whichhelpspromotethecommondevelopmentandprosperityoftheregionandtheworldaswell,onsultations,jointcontributionsandsharedbenefit,"fiveperspectives"—development,security,cooperation,civilizationandglobalgovernance—’sproposalsconformto"theneedsoftheSCOdevelopment,thecommoninterestsofcountriesthroughouttheworldaswellasthetrendoftimesintheworld’sdevelopmentandprogress",Wangsaid."Thesummitproducedasuccessindemonstratingtheunityamongmembercountriesaswellasleaders’willandcommitmentinmultilateralismandcooperation,"saidLuigiGambardella,presidentofChinaEU,,Xicalledforjointeffortstobuildanopenworldeconomyandreject"self-centered,shortsightedandclosed-doorpolicies".,,Texas,said,"WhileXiprojectedcalm,creativestatesmanshipatthesummitandwasabletoprojectawin-winconsensus,bycontrastTrumplookedlikeamanoutofhisleague."Trumpwas"stuckinthefailedeconomicpoliciesofthe1920s,andhappytorejecttheWest’slong-termtradeconsensus",Taylorsaid."Ilikedthathe(Xi)linkedChina’sConfucianheritagetothespiritofpromotinganewtypeofinternationalrelations,thecommongoodandharmony—aharmonyfoundinthe‘ShanghaiSpirit’thatfostersmutualrespect,all-aroundcooperationandcommondevelopment."MariaGuleva,adeputyprofessoroftheFacultyofOrientalStudiesatSaintPetersburgUniversity,saidthatthetheoriesXiproposedoninnovation,coordination,theenvironment,opennessandshareddevelopmentsho,aprofessorattheCentreforChineseandSouthEastAsianStudiesatJawaharlalNehruUniversityinNewDelhi,saidinstitution-buildingmakestheSCOoneofthemostsuccessfulmultilateralinstitutionsintheworld,anewmodelforregionaleconomicandsec,professorofinternationalbusinesslawattheUniversityofHullinEngland,saidthatX,WenZongduoinHongKongandCecilyLiuinLondoncontributedtothisstory.

  

  当前智能手机同质化严重 硬件创新进入了死胡同

 
责编:
造出属于中国人的“争气机”
记两院院士、我国歼8II飞机总设计师顾诵芬
2019-10-22 08:17:38  来源: 新华每日电讯7版 【字号 留言】【打印】【关闭

▲这是顾诵芬院士手持歼8II飞机模型的肖像照片(4月27日摄)。

  新华社记者李鑫摄

  新华社北京5月3日电(记者胡喆)在“一穷二白”背景下,设计出我国第一架喷气式教练机——歼教1;冒生命危险亲乘战机三上蓝天,只为弄清飞机设计问题;“咏世德之骏烈,诵先人之清芬。”他以对祖国的赤子之心,捧出了我国喷气式飞机设计和空气动力学研究的累累硕果……

  载誉无数、却又从不居功。一路走来一路歌,一生立志让中国人自己拥有“有底气、能争气”的飞机:他就是中国科学院、中国工程院院士,我国歼8II飞机总设计师——顾诵芬。

“一张白纸”干出中国第一架喷气式教练机

  时至今日,87岁高龄的顾诵芬回忆起当年与飞机结下的不解之缘。1940年,在民族危亡、外敌侵略之际,10岁的顾诵芬收到叔叔一份“特殊的生日礼物”——一个航模,“这在当时是很难得的”,顾诵芬介绍,自己从此便一发不可收拾,沉浸在了飞机的世界中。

  而在战争时期,空袭和轰炸,更让年幼的顾诵芬在心中埋下了一颗种子,他曾暗暗发誓:“一定要搞出属于中国人自己的飞机!”

  带着这颗种子,顾诵芬从青葱年少到意气风发,从黄浦江畔前往冰雪北国。

  1956年8月,原航空工业局在沈阳112厂建立了新中国第一个飞机设计室。在这支荟萃着新中国最优秀飞机设计师的队伍中,顾诵芬承担了气动组组长的职务。

  为解决机身采用两侧进气的难题,顾诵芬把所能搜集到的全部信息加以消化、梳理、汇总,最终形成可以进行气动力设计计算的一套方法,圆满完成了翼型、翼身组合型式选择与计算、进气道参数确定和总体设计所需数据的计算。

  一勤天下无难事。顾诵芬与军工专家们一起,利用当时仅有的、从没在工程中应用过的风洞,边摸索、边试验,最终取得了理想的结果。据顾诵芬回忆,在物资极度匮乏的情况下,白天下班后,他还得带着同事一道去医院收集废针头,焊接在铜管上,组成模型……

  2019-10-22,歼教1飞机在沈阳首飞成功。顾诵芬在几乎是一张白纸的新中国飞机设计事业创建了属于中国人的气动力设计方法,也在应用空气动力学的研究和实践方面登上了一个新的高峰。

为了给飞机找问题,亲乘战机三上蓝天

  2019-10-22,歼8飞机实现首飞。但在随后的飞行试验中,飞机出现强烈振动,这让所有参研人员都悬起了一颗心。

  为彻底解决这一问题,顾诵芬做出了一个大胆的决定:亲自乘坐歼教6飞机上天,直接跟在试验飞机后面观察振动情况!

  据当时驾驶飞机的试飞员鹿鸣东回忆:“顾总那会儿已是年近半百的人,却丝毫不顾过载对身体带来的影响和潜在的坠机风险,毅然亲自带着望远镜、照相机,在万米高空观察拍摄飞机的动态,这让所有在场的同志都十分震撼和感动。”

  与顾诵芬亦师亦友的飞机空气动力学专家、中国科学院院士李天当时也见证了这一“壮举”。据李天回忆,由于顾总的另一位师长——歼8飞机首任总设计师黄志千逝于空难,顾总的夫人江泽菲曾和他有一个约定:不再乘坐飞机。这并不是出于对飞机安全的不信任,而是不忍承受失去至亲的痛苦。

  这次,顾诵芬要登上的还不是民用大飞机,而是风险更高的战斗机!所以他必须瞒着妻子、瞒着家中每一位亲人。顾诵芬本人坦言,当时也来不及想这么多。

  功崇惟志,业广惟勤。正是源于一次又一次地反复观察和大胆尝试,顾诵芬最终和团队一同解决了气流严重分流的问题,并亲自做了对飞机后机身整流包皮的修形设计,彻底排除了飞机跨声速抖振的现象。

家学世传,对知识的信仰永远不变

  顾诵芬时常被问到一个相似的问题:“您这么做到底为了什么?”

  为名乎?为利乎?只为此身长效国。

  如今已近90岁高龄的顾诵芬,仍能清晰记得父亲和其他长辈对自己的言传身教,以及侵略者在他身边投下炸弹时的巨响。这一静一动、一张一弛之间,构筑了顾诵芬作为一名党员、一名知识分子的信仰。在他的人生坐标里,既有来自身为文化大师、上海图书馆名誉馆长的父亲顾廷龙老先生流淌的中华文化的“血”,也有属于新中国第一代知识分子艰苦奋斗的“脉”。在顾诵芬的研究生涯里,两种“血脉”交相辉映。

  知识分子应以一种怎样的姿态生活在当下?家国情怀,以及对知识永远不变的信仰……“尊重知识、敬畏知识。”从顾诵芬身上,我们看到了一个跨越时代、累世传承的知识分子家庭所给出的中国答案。

  “学技术、用技术;学知识、用知识。”学以致用、知行合一。在顾诵芬的眼中,报国、强国,纯粹而坚毅。

  “要能做出新的创造,必须多读书。”时至今日,年近九旬的老院士仍是“早晨第一个到办公室的人”;在国外学术机构上看到最前沿的研究成果,一定会马上分享给相关年轻设计师,和他们一起加紧学习。

  一思尚存,此志不懈。即便是最艰难的时刻、最危险的处境以及生命的最后一天,都不会轻易放弃。这就是顾诵芬,一位纯粹的航空人、一位让人敬重的知识分子。?

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